Overview documents Teaching

Overview of Documents on Teaching on our Website

Non-reception by the faithful of teaching on exclusion of women, by Australian Bishop’s Conference
Patriarchal and Hierarchical Nature …Barrier to Women’s Participation, by Australian Bishop’s Conference
… Perceptions of Women in the Catholic Church of Australia, by Australian Bishop’s Conference
Two contrasting Perceptions of Women in the Catholic Church of Australia, by Australian Bishop’s Conference
The Credibility of the Church Today by Gregory Baum
The Inquisition, by M.Baigent & R. Leigh. Review by Anne Baring
Feminism, Vatican-style by Tina Beattie
“Who May Dwell Within your Tent?” commission on Woman … Belgian Bishops, 1998
God, Women and the Question of Power by Veronica Brady
Gender and the ‘Sensus Fidelium’  by Veronica Brady
Women’s Ordination and Infallible Teaching, An Inquiry by Peter Burns
Assessment of ‘Ordinatio Sacerdotalis’ 1996 by Sidney Callahan
Tradition and the Ordination of Women 1997, by Catholic Theological Society of America
A Pope the Laity Wants by by Sister Joan Chittister
We can’t suppress the Spirit by Sister Joan Chittister
Reasons for Resignation  by Paul Collins, 2001
What about Donum Veritatis, the ‘Instruction …. on the Theologian? by Paul Collins
Once again, women are being cast out of the Catholic Church by Angela Cornyn
Structures of Authority by Bill Cosgrave, 1995
Women priests: the issue that keeps resurfacing by E.Curti.2011
A Question of Conscience by Charles Davis 1967 Index to Book
The General Problem by Charles Davis , Ch.1
The Change in Man’s Self-understanding by Charles Davis , Ch.2
From Hierarchical orders to Free Organizations by Charles Davis, Ch.3
The Historical Approach to Truth and Faith by Charles Davis, Ch.4
The Christian Church and the Wider Society by Charles Davis, Ch.5
The Tenacious Voice of Women. R. Vendrik & the Pontifical Commission by Dirkje Donders
Use the Gifts God Gives. Monsignor John Egan 2001
Womenpriests: Keeping Mum or Speaking Out? 1996 by Rene van Eyden. (Transl. from Dutch)
Fidelity to Jesus and the ordination of women by Joseph Fitzmyer
The Reception of Doctrine: New Perspectives by Richard Gaillardetz
The Place of Silencing in the Teaching of the Church by J. Gramick
The M Word By Bede Griffiths
Assessment of ‘Ordinatio Sacerdotalis’ by Gisbert Greshake
A letter to the Pope by Bernhard Häring
The fear has gone – and So have they by Bishop John Heaps
Laws don’t change people by Bishop John Heaps
A priesthood without clericalism by Bishop John Heaps
A theologian’s dilemma on women priests by Peter Hebblethwaite
Authority in the Roman Catholic Church. Theory and practice. Assessment of ‘Ordinatio Sacerdotalis’ by Peter Hünermann
Concience. The Irish Catholic Bishops’ Conference, 1998
Open Letter to John Paul II by 14 women religious from India
Assessment of ‘Ordinatio Sacerdotalis’ by Elizabeth A. Johnson
It’s Time to Speak our by ‘Jonas’, an organization of French priests
The Call of Conscience by Michael Keane
Catholic Theologians and the Ordination of Women by Philip Kennedy
Assessment of ‘Ordinatio Sacerdotalis’ by David Knight
Waiting for Vatican III. Women’s Ordination and Infallibility by H.Kung
“ On Not Inventing Doctrine” by Nicholas Lash
The Question of Admitting Women to the Ministerial Priesthood 1978 by Louis Ligier SJ.
Shedding Light on Church Teachings. Talks with Bishop Raymond Lucker
Violence in the Church by Camilo Macisse
Coping with a Christ who does not want women priests … by Mary McAleese
The Outsider by Mary McAleese
It Won’t Wash With Women by Mary McAleese
Living with Authority by Mary McAleese
Muzzling the theologians by Richard McBrien
Soline Vatinel, the Archbishop and Me, by Eamonn McCarthy
What about you, do you want to go away too? by Eamonn McCarthy,
Theologians and the Magisterium by Richard A McCormick
Count me out! Response to Ordinatio Sacerdotalis (1994) by Melanie McDonagh
Jesus Responds to John Paul II. ( after Ordinatio Sacerdotalis) by Aaron Milavec
What Peter Might Say to John Paul II by A Milavec
The voice of theologians in general councils from Pisa to Trent, by Nelson H.Minnich
On a closed debate. Editorial by Joseph Moingt 1994
Catholic Patriarchy by Peter C. Morea
Letter to Pope John Paul II by Josefa Theresia Münch
Should Women be Silent in the Church? by Josefa Theresia Münch
Address to .. Church Personnel Administrators, by Bishop Frank Murphy
This Teaching Cannot Be Infallible (in response to Ordinatio Sacerdotalis.) National Coalition of American Nuns
On Consulting the Faithful in Matters of Doctrine by J.H. Newman 1859
 “Ordinatio sacerdotalis” unleashes debate on the Magisterium, by Klaus Nientiedt
Assessment of ‘Ordinatio Sacerdotalis by Ann O’Hara Graff
Integrity by Joseph S. O’Leary, The Furrow, August 1985
A Teaching Not Received by Hugh O’Regan
What is meant by the ‘ordinary magisterium’? By L.Örsy
Do the Roman authorities promote a wrong understanding of ‘ordinary …’? by L.Örsy
Foundations and Context of the Magisterium by Ladislas Örsy, SJ
Teaching Authority by Ladislas Örsy
If God reveals truth, why do we need a teaching authority? by L.Örsy
Teaching Authority – Catholic Universities – Academic Freedom by L.Örsy
Bibliography on the Teaching Authority by Ladislas Örsy
Infallibility Explored by Ladislas Orsy
What is the position of the pope within the college of bishops? By L. Örsy
Do the Roman authorities not realise that doctrine ‘develops’? By L. Örsy
If God reveals truth, why do we need a teaching authority? By L. Örsy
 Who possesses the revealed Word of God, the bishops and the Pope or….? by L.Örsy
What does it mean to teach doctrine ‘with authenticity’? By L. Örsy
 Do also the bishops and the Pope belong to the ‘learning Church’? by L.Örsy
Do the bishops and the Pope underestimate the laity? by L.Örsy
What does magisterium, ‘teaching authority’, mean? by L.Örsy
Does the Pope rely too much on his own advisers? by L.Örsy
Where does the infallibility of the magisterium find its source? by L.Örsy
Are there non-infallible binding teachings? by L.Örsy
Are the bishops and the Pope infallibile when they issue practical, pastoral decrees? by L.Örsy
How do we ‘surrender in faith’ to authentic doctrine set forth by the magisterium? By L.Örsy
What did Vatican II mean with obsequium fidei, ‘obedience in faith’? by L.Örsy
Can a theologian legitimately dissent from officially taught doctrine? by L.Örsy
How to determine the limits of legitimate dissent? By L.Örsy
Can clear guidelines for dissent be formulated? By L.Örsy
Have theologians an essential task, that is distinct and complementary to those of the Pope and the bishops by L.Örsy
Why does dissent provoke such opposition and friction in the Church? By L.Örsy
When does an institute of learning become a ‘university’? By L.Örsy
What types of Catholic university do we find? By L.Örsy
What makes a university Catholic? by L.Örsy
How are theologians in Catholic universities ‘bonded’ to the Church? by L.Örsy
Do theologians who receive a ‘canonical mission’ teach with a higher authority? By L.Örsy
Do the Roman authorities attribute excessive importance to law? by L.Örsy
Can clear guidelines for dissent be formulated? By L.Örsy
What are the limits of academic freedom? By L.Örsy
Do the Roman authorities damage the Church by exercising excessive control? By L.Örsy
Infallibility Explored – the Professor replies By L.Örsy
Overview of Papal Documents on the Ordination of Women
Overview of contemporary theologians re infallibility of teaching
Where are the Priest-Prophets? By Fr. Owen O’Sullivan
Refining the Question About Women’s Ordination by H. Pottmeyer
Profession of Faith and Oath of Fidelity (+ a commentary by CDF) 1998
Profession of Faith and Oath of Fidelity. 1989
The secret examination of new Bishops by Papal Nuncio in Spain
The Charismatic Element in The Church by K Rahner
“Subjects or Objects? Women within Catholic Social Teaching” by Susan Rakocsy
Infallibility Explored – the Cardinal responds by Card. Ratzinger
The Universal Ordinary Magisterium – Inter Insigniores by Cardinal Ratzinger
No Authority to Ordain Women – Inter Insigniores by Cardinal Ratzinger
Infallibility is untenable By Rosemary Radford Ruether
Can Men be Ordained? By Rosemary Radford Ruether
Is Our Institutional Church Unjust? By E. Silvius
Francis Sullivan’s Assessment on ‘Ordinatio Sacerdotalis’
Francis A. Sullivan’s argument with Archbishop Bertone
Obedience, a questionable virtue by Marie Louise Uhr
Women’s Ordination: Barriers and Boundaries by Marie Louise Uhr
Statement of Sr. Christine Vladimiroff
The Pope’s ‘teaching’ on why women can’t be priests – a new focus? by John Wijngaards
Mistakes by the Teaching Authority in Rome by John Wijngaards
The Ordinary Universal Magisterium. Conditions affecting its infallible teaching by John Wijngaards
Theologians Assess ‘Ordinatio Sacerdotalis’ by John Wijngaards
May a theologian’s dissent be voiced through the public media? by John Wijngaards.
God and our new Selves. Why there is the need of a new Catechesis by John Wijngaards
God and our new Selves. Why the Church needs to be reformed in our time by john Wijngaards
St. Thérèse and the Question of the Ordination of Women by John Wijngaards
Who exactly do we mean by the Roman teaching authorities? By J.Wijngaards
The teaching authority and slavery, Overview by John Wijngaards
Discussion on the Popes and Slavery by John wijngaards
Church without women leaders by J Wijngaards
Are bishops, parish priests, etc. still bound by the ‘oath of fidelity’ … by John Wijngaards
Collegiality (or lack of it !) in the Catholic Church by John Wijngaards
Frequently asked questions on Teaching Authority in the Catholic Church by John Wijngaards
Papal Teaching on Slavery by John Wijngaards
The Errors of Pope Pius IX by John wijngaards
Do these errors and mistakes in the past prove the teaching authority… by John Wijngaards
The Duty of Speaking Out. Overview by John Wijngaards
Why the paedophilia scandal happened: …in the RC Church by John Wijngaards
Authority in the Roman Catholic Church. Theory and practice. Ed.Bernard Hoose. review by john Wijngards
Do these errors and mistakes in the past prove the teaching authority… by John Wijngaards
The Free media: A price worth paying by John Wilkins
Equal is as Equal does. Publ. by The Women-Church Convergence, 1995.
Free speech in the Church by Alain Woodrow
Patristic Testimony on Women’s 0rdination in Inter Insignores by John H.Wright S.J
Pope John II’s letter concerning ordination of women by John H.Wright S.J
What about the Women? by Phyllis Zagano

Overview documents Theology

Overview of Documents on Theology on our Website

Eric Doyle’s Contribution to the Debate. By Brenda Abbott
Feminist Liberation Theology by Denise Ackermann
Women in the Time of the Church Fathers. By Ruth Albrecht
On not Looking like Christ … by Dr Marcella M Althaus-Reid
The female sex cannot signify pre-eminence -Joannes Andreae
St. Thomas Aquinas (1224 – 1274 AD)/arguments on women
St. Thomas Aquinas (1224 – 1274 AD)/overview of documents
Thomas Aquinas and Woman’s lower status
Thomas Aquinas on the Ordination of Women
The Priest as Sacramental Sign of Christ. By Thomas Aquinas
Thomas Aquinas on the Generation (birth) of Women
Circumcision and Menstrual Taboo in Post-Exilic Judaism. By Leonie Archer
Women Priests? by Jean-Marie Aubert
Rolandus Bandinelli, 1148 AD in Stromata
The Influence of St Jerome on Medieval Attitudes to Women. By Jane Barr.
Guido de Baysio, writings between 1296 and 1300 AD on Women
Tina Beattie. Short bibliography (1995-1999)
St Robert Bellarmine (1542 – 1621 AD)
Woman, not man, was seduced (Bellarmine)
On the specific punishment of women (Bellarmine)
Woman is the Passive Cause of Generation (Bellarmine)
Woman contributes only matter in Generation (Bellarmine)
Woman is necessary for generation (Bellarmine)
Woman is subject to man (Bellarmine)
Women cannot be Priests (Bellarmine)
The Case of GALILEO GALILEI (Bellarmine)
St. Bonaventure (1217-1274 AD)
Woman in the Church by Louis Bouyer-appendix
Woman in the Church by Louis Bouyer- contents
Woman in the church- Epilogue (by von Balthasar)
Woman in the Church-conclusion. By Louis Bouyer.
A Female Priesthood? Ch.1 by Louis Bouyer
God and Woman. Ch.2 by Louis Bouyer
Woman in Creation and Salvation. Ch.3 by Louis Bouyer
Complementary Vocations of Men and Women. Ch.4 by Louis Bouyer
Traditional Feminine Ministries. Ch.5 by Louis Bouyer
Jesus of Nazareth, Christ the Liberator by Carlos Bravo
The Feminist Redemption of Christ by Rita Brock
The Holy Spirit as Feminine in Early Syriac Literature by Sebastian Brock.
Quaestio disputata: “in persona Christi” by Sara Butler
Commentarium in Decretales Gregorii IX by Antonius de Butrio. (1338 – 1408)
Women  and  Ministry by  Elizabeth Carroll
The “Fractio Panis” and the Eucharist as Eschatological Banquet by Damien Casey.
Issue of Women’s Ordination in the Roman Catholic Church, by Janette Cranshaw
A “Pauline” Defense of Women’s Right to Baptize? by Stephen Davis
The General Problem by C. Davis
The Change in Man’s Self-Understanding by C. Davis
From Hierarchical Orders To Free Organizations by C. Davis
The Histotical Approach to Truth and Faith by C. Davis
The Christian Church and the Wider Society by C. Davis
The religious roots of inequality between men and women, by Gérard Delteil
Woman Priests – Book of Honour. Fr Eric Doyle OFM
Women’s Ordination, State of the Question in the RC Church. By Eric Doyle
Traditio perpetuo servata? The Non-ordination of Women. By Eric Doyle.
Ordination of Women in the Roman Catholic Church. By Eric Doyle
Question of Women Priests and the argument in Persona Christi by Eric Doyle
God and the Feminine by Eric Doyle
Whether a woman or a child can be ordained? Durandus 1270-
Why women cannot be ordained priests. Durandus  1270 – 1334 AD
The Crucified People. By Ignacio Ellacuria
Women Ministers in the Catholic Church ? By René van Eyden
The Creation of Womanhood: A Hierarchical Construction By René van Eyden
Women in Priestly Ministry. By René van Eyden
The Status of Woman in the Thought of Karl Barth by Paul S. Fiddes
Publications by Richard Gaillardetz Ph.D.
Jesus from an Ecofeminist Perspective by E. Gebara
Episcopal Conferences: Theological Bases by Cardinal George
Balthazar and Contemporary Feminist Theology by Michelle Gonzales
Construction of Women’s Difference in the Theological Tradition by Elisabeth Gössmann.
Feminist Christology: The Problem Stated by Jacquelyn Grant
The Law Book of Gratian (references to women)
Review of: A Theology of Women’s Priesthood  by  Dr. Ali Green
Reclaiming women’s part in redeeming by Mary Grey
The Ordination of Women – Seeking a New Approach by M.Grey
Should Women be Ordained? By Adrian Hastings
The reform of Ministry, by Adrian Hastings
The “male” in feminist theology by Susanne Heine
Why women cannot be ordained priests. Cardinalis Hostiensis
Huguccio (on women) 1188 AD
Inter Insigniores (1976)
Only a male priest can signify Christ at the Eucharist Inter Insigniores.
In the symbolism of salvation Christ is the Bridegroom and … Inter Insigniores
The priest’s action ‘in the person of the Church’ is less ….Inter Insigniores
Human rights, such as equal rights for women, do not apply … Inter Insigniores
Women who believe they have a priestly vocation not guided … Inter Insigniores
Basic Linguistic Options: God, Women, Equivalence by E. Johnson
Sensus Fidelium – An Introduction  by Colette Joyce
Feminist Exegesis of the Old Testament: Some Critical Reflections by Paul Joyce
…Women in the theological anthropoloqy of the Early Fathers. by Marie Henry Keane.
The First Blast of the Trumpet by John Knox 1558 (anti women)
Theological Questions on the Ordination of Women 1976. By Joseph Komonchak
Christology. Introducing Asian Feminist Theology. By Kwok Pui-Lan
Orthodox Women Speak by Kiriaki Karidoyanes FitzGerald (book review)
The Influence of ‘The Hammer of Witches’ (1486 AD). H. Kramer & J.Springer
Why is it that women are chiefly addicted to evil superstitions? H. Kramer & J.Springer
The Mould for Medieval Women by Margaret Labarge
Priestesses in the Church by C.S.Lewis
Commentary on 1 Cor 14,34-35 By Cornelius Lapide
Commentary on 1 Timothy 2,12-14. By Cornelius Lapide
Recalling Li Tim-Oi in Hong Kong
The Virgin Mary and the Feminist Quest by Ann Loades
Human rights in the Church: a non-right for women … by Marie-Thérèse Van Lunen Chenu
The Modern Theology of Tradition by J P. Mackey
The Ordination of Women in the Early Middle Ages by G. Macy
The Impact of Humanae Vitae by John Mahoney. 1981-82
Women are incapable of ordination by S.Mani 1905
Is the Pope Catholic? A Woman Confronts her Church” by Joannna Manning (Review only).
The Catholic Church in the Next Millennium by Joanna Manning
The Ordination Of Women – A Living Tradition by D. McEwan
Dr. Dorothea McEwan. Selected bibliography 1966-2001
Richard of Middleton C13th … against the ordination of women
Richard of Middleton C13th analysis of his arguments
The Inferior Mix by Annie Lally Milhaven
Women Priests. Radical Change or More of the Same? H.Moon
Feminist Theological Interpretation of the New Testament. By Robert Morgan
Early Women Leaders: from Heads of House Churches to Presbyters by NCR Staff
Divine Power Made Perfect in Weakness: St.Hildegard. by Barbara Newman.
The Defective Male: What Aquinas Really Said…….. By M.Nolan
Women, Ordination, and Angels by Michael Novak
Overview of post-medieval theologians writing about women.
Overview of Medieval Theologians Writing about Women
A ‘Summa’ on Church law, dated 1114-1148 AD. by Paucapalea
… biology and the Christian Fathers on the nature of woman by Kim Power
The Rehabilitation of Eve by Kim Power
Kim E. Power. C.V.
How does ancient Greek medicine impact the church today? questionsfromaewe.blogspot.co.uk
Paul and Sexual Identity: 1 Corinthians 11.2-16 by T. Radcliffe
Bibliography of Dr. Ida Raming
Mary – Prophet and Priest.
A forgotten, suppressed truth.Could she open the door to women’s ordination? by Ida Raming.
The far too long story of discrimination against women because of their sex by Ida Raming.
Male discourse about God in the liturgy – its effects on women by Ida Raming.
A definitive “No” to the ordination of women? by Ida Raming
The diaconate – a ministry for women in the Church by Ida Raming.
“The twelve apostles were men – -” by Ida Raming
‘Equal but other’ and the ordination of women by Ida Raming
Ignored opportunities for women in canon law by Ida Raming
Review of Priesteramt der Frau Geschenk  für … by Ida Raming
Priesteramt der Frau – Geschenk Gottes für eine erneuerte Kirche by Ida Raming.
The far too long story of discrimination against women … by Ida Raming.
A complete Manual of Canon Law (1896) by Oswald J. Reichel
 The Legitimation of the Abuse of Women in Christianity, by Mary-Ann Rossi
The Passion of Perpetua, Everywoman of Late Antiquity by Mary-Ann Rossi
Mary Ann Rossi – biography
Christology and Feminism: Can a Male Saviour Save Women?. By Rosemary Ruether Radford
Rufinus 1157, ‘Summa Decretorum’, on Deaconesses
Priesthood for Women by Johanna Schiessl
 Ministry in the 1st and 2nd Christian Millennia, by E.Schillebeeckx
Freedom For a new Understanding of the Gospel by M. Schoof
Ordination of Women Priests by Jonathan Schumann
John Duns Scotus 1266-1308. Why women cannot be ordained …
John Duns Scotus 1266-1308. -on women and orders
Ascetic Autonomy? New Perspectives on Single Women… by Turid Karlsen Seim
Sicardus of Cremona, Summa Canonum 1179 – 1181
Systematic Christology: Jesus Christ, the Absolute Mediator … by Jon Sobrino
The Standard Argument against Women Priests, 1956, F. Sola
The desert mothers and spiritual maternity by Josep M.Soler
After Eve. Women: Theology and the Christian Tradition. Intro. Ed. Janet Soskice
A saint in favour of women priests by Edith Stein (trans)
Freeing the Feminine by E. & G.Strachan. Contents and preface
The problem from Freeing the Feminine. Ch1. by E.& G.Strachan.
 In the beginning . . . Ch.2. by Elspeth and Gordon Strachan
Yahweh and the Queen of Heaven from Freeing the Feminine. Ch.3. by E.& G.Strachan.
The marriage of heaven and earth. Ch.4. by E.& G. Strachan
The battered bride. Ch5. by Elspeth and Gordon Strachan
The devil’s gateway from Freeing the Feminine. Ch.6. by E.& G. Strachan.
Archaic fears from Freeing the Feminine. ch.7. by E.& G. Strachan
Freeing the Feminine.Ch.8. by Elspeth and Gordon Strachan
Richard Hooker and the Ordination of Women to the Priesthood by Stephen Sykes.
Sexist Language in Theology? By George Tavard
Johannes Teutonicus in Apparatus ad Decreta in 1215 AD
Celebrating the Eucharist without a Priest? by Peter Trummer
The Less Noble Sex – Women Can Be Priests by Nancy Tuana
Catholic Women Ordained Priests – alternatives. Marcel Vincent
Saints and Sybils: Hildegard of Bingen to Teresa of Avila. By Benedicta Ward
Ministry, Muddle and Mystery by Clare Watkins
Human Rights and Women’s Ordination by J.Wijngaards
Nuptial Imagery and the Sacramental Priesthood. By John Wijngaards
Not man enough to represent the ‘groom’? By John Wijngaards
Women already act as ‘other Christs’ by John Wijngaards
At the Eucharist the priest acts not only “in the person of Christ”….by John Wijngaards
Jesus Christ and the Authority of his Priests by John Wijngaards
A Woman too can act in persona Christi because …by John Wijngaards
A woman represents Christ better in his feminine traits …by John Wijngaards
Can Women Represent Christ at the Eucharist? By J. Wijngaards
Women too bear Christ’s image as adopted children of God. By John Wijngaards
A woman, as much as any man, can represent Christ’s love … By John Wijngaards
Don’t cage the sacred, by John Wijngaards
What you need to know about the Sacrament of Ordination by John Wijngaards
Women deacons in the Orthodox Church by Kiriaki Karidoyanes FitzGerald. Book review by John Wijngaards
Bishop Williamson’s Letters
Girls at University by Bishop Williamson
The Sacramentality of Episcopal Consecration by Susan Wood
Patristic elements towards a theol. anthropology of woman … by Constantinos Yokarinis

Overview documents Tradition

The Ordination of Women and Tradition

Overview of documents on Tradition
on our website

Rules of Interpretation

Introduction

Four rules to judge
whether a ‘tradition’ belongs to valid Tradition.

  1. Valid Tradition is scriptural.
  2. Valid Tradition is informed.
  3. Valid Tradition can be latent for many
    centuries.
  4. Valid Tradition shows development through dynamic growth.

About valid Tradition

Scriptural Tradition

Latent Tradition

Dynamic Tradition

Informed Tradition

Valid Tradition
Valid Tradition is based on a correct
understanding of the inspired meaning of scriptural texts.
For Tradition to be informed, the carriers of the Tradition must have correctly understood the question and the issues that are at stake.

Underneath prevailing practice there may
lie a contrary, but valid ‘latent Tradition’, a Tradition that is faithful to the teaching of the Gospel and transmitted through the centuries without always being explicitly recognised as such.

True Tradition is not static. It grows; not in the sense that it differs substantially from the inspiration received from Jesus Christ and the Apostles, but in the sense that many of its latent implications are gradually realised with the help of the Holy
Spirit.

Cultural Prejudice

Throughout the centuries cultural prejudice against women has
clouded the judgment of leaders and members in the community of believers.

This prejudice invalidates their opinions, pronouncements and decisions regarding women.

They may not be counted as part of valid  tradition.

Read: The Inferior Mix. The Real Reasons Why the Catholic Church Does Not Ordain Women

The practice of not ordaining women in the Church was neither
scriptural nor informed because of a threefold prejudice among Church leaders who considered women :

The Fathers of the Church rarely spoke about the ordination of women. Those who did were influenced by their prejudices about
women.

The same prejudice against women is apparent in the statutes of early ‘Church Synods’

Medieval theologians excluded women from the priesthood on obviously invalid social and philosophical grounds.

From what
medieval theologians wrote on the question of ‘women priests’ we can also see that the question was not ‘closed’ and the reasons
unclear.

In the Middle Ages the bias against woman was concentrated in the theological role attributed to Eve. Read:
‘Eve in Christian Culture’.

For a general view of life for women in the Middle Ages read: “The Mould for Medieval Women”.

Read also: “Against Nature and God”, a history of women with clerical ordination and the jurisdiction of Bishops.

Church Law has incorporated the social and religious prejudices against women, from its medieval codification until now.

A horrendous example of the official attitude is  found in the treatment of wives of clergy in the Middle Ages.

Post-scholastic theologians simply repeated the age-old prejudices without critical examination.

Public prejudice manifested itself in the scandalous essays published by men during the socalled “Women’s Quarrel”.

Latent Tradition

The history of the Church demonstrates that we should study the past carefully. Underneath Church practice of the day, there may lie a contrary latent Tradition, a Tradition that is faithful to the teaching of the Gospel and transmitted through the centuries without always
being explicitly recognised as such.

Read: The Modern Theology of
Tradition,
J P. Mackey , 1962, ch. 3&4. A comprehensive survey of theological views on the ‘Sensus fidelium‘ and Tradition.

A ‘latent’ and ‘dynamic’ Tradition implying the possibility of women’s ordination has shown itself in a number of ways:

  1. through women’s administering baptism and matrimony;
  2. in the practice of ordaining some women as priests (see column to the right);
  3. in Mary’s perceived ‘priestly’ functions;
  4. in the devotion to Mary Magdalen who was seen as a woman minister.

On the practice of ordaining women as priests in some parts of
the Church, read:

The devotion to Jesus’ mother Mary as Priest reveals a latent Tradition. It shows that the faithful were convinced a woman could be a priest.

Related articles:

In the right column we list
spiritual writers and theologians who wrote about Mary Priest

Overview documents Scripture

Overview of Documents on Scripture on our Website

Overview documents Scripture

Overview of Documents on Scripture on our Website

Home

Yes, women can be priests, and should be priests

Our Communications Director Miriam Duignan

We are faithful Catholics who show why the exclusion of women from priesthood is wrong. We raise awareness and facilitate informed discussion about women’s ordination.

We promote the ordination of women as part of the life-giving mission Christ intended for his Church. We work for reform from the centre of the Church and within the parameters of canon law. We do not favour illegal ordinations.

Our reasons for this are explained here.

We love our family, the Catholic Church. We fully accept the authority of the Pope. We respect his personal integrity as an outstanding spiritual leader.

Our testimony

But we are convinced that the Pope and his advisors are making a serious mistake by dismissing women as priests. We feel obliged in conscience to make our carefully considered reasons known, In doing so, we fulfil our canon law duty to speak out as church leaders encourage us to do. And we do this with deep loyalty to the Church.

“All the faithful, both clerical and lay, should be accorded a lawful freedom of inquiry, freedom of thought and freedom of expression.”
Gaudium et Spes, no 62; Canon Law no 212 § 3.

Eight out of ten Catholic scholars in the world support the ordination of women.

Documentation

Dr Luca Badini Confalonieri, Director

Read on this site the complete texts of many contemporary Catholic theologians who give their reasons in favour of women priests.

Our site is unique in providing in full all Roman documents that ban the ordination of women. Judge for yourself the arguments of the Congregation for Doctrine in Rome.

We offer thousands of documents in English relevant to the ordination of women. They cover decrees of councils and synods, statements by the Fathers of the Church and medieval theologians, historical records, contemporary articles, classical publications, discussions on scripture, tradition and the teaching authority, picture galleries and much more.

Refurbishments . . .

Jackie Clackson, one of our Trustees

Decades of work by our dedicated team of volunteers has gone into this website. It is like an old building with new wings and extensions that were added in the course of time. We are aware that some sections need repairing and updating. To give easier access for visitors who use their mobiles, we are gradually transferring many central files into wordpress format. So do not be surprised if on occasion  you are shuttled between new and old.

Also, do take part in our two Facebook Groups:

Equality for Women (Wijngaards Institute)

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Has the Church never ordained women?


کیا کبھی کلیسیاء نے عورتوں کو مخصوص کیا ہے؟

پہلی صدیوں سے اب تک ہمارے وقت میں یہ عمل کبھی نہیں درہرایا گیا کہ عورتوں کو کلیسیاء کہانت کے لیے مخصوص کیا ہو؟

بین الا دستخطی 6-8،23

The Congregation for Doctrine in Rome

روم میں ایک جماعت کے لیے ہدایت نامہ

ہاں، کچھ عورتوں نے پہلی صدیوں میں منسٹریز میں اپنا کاہنی کردار ادا کیا ہے، لیکن کچھ منسٹریر کی خواتین کا ساکرامنٹل کہانت کے طور پر تعلق نہیں تھا۔

بین الادستخطی 57،71-77

Background music?

 

کچھ توقعات میں سے، جب عورتوں کو کہانت کے لیے مخصوص نہیں کیا گیا، جی ہاں!

یہ صرف اُس وقت واقعہ ہوتا ہے کیونکہ تعصب اِس تفریحی سفر کو ناکام کردیتا ہے ۔

عورتیں شناخت میں آجاتی ہیں:  

* کم مرتبہ فطرتی طور پر اور قانونی طور پر؛

* ریاست میں گناہ کی سزا کے لیے؛

* مذہبی رسوم میں ناپاک!

مہربانی سے! سچی باتوں کو پڑھیں

معاشرتی تعصب بغص میں، ایمان کے عقیدے ہمیں یہ بتاتے ہیں کہ آدمی اور عورت مسیح میں برابر ہیں۔ وہ جانتے ہیں، اُن کے دلوں دِل میں، کہ عورتیں کاہن ہوسکتی ہیں۔ وہ اِس کو بالقوہ رسم کہتےہیں۔

کچھ بالقوہ رسم کی اِمثال یہ ہیں:

* انتہائی مضبوط بات کہ مریم ایک کاہن تھی؛

ایک اور کہ مریم مکدلینی جو کہ خواتین کی منسٹر تھی۔

‘Le sacerdoce de la Vierge’ (close up), early 15th century, school of Amiens, France.

آخر اخیر نہیں ہے، نویں صدی میں کلیسیاء نے عورتوں کو مقدس حکم سے جب اُس نے اُن کو ڈیکنز کے لیے مخصوص کیا۔

 

مخصوصیت کا حق، دائیں ہاتھ پر دھوکے کے ساتھ اوررُوح پاک کی التجا کرنا، یہ اِسی طرح آدمیوں اور عورتوں دونوں کے لیے تھا۔

 

عورتیں بھی ساکرامنٹل ایاز کو وصول کرتیں ہیں۔

 

تاہم، رسم ورواج عورتوں کو کہانت کے لیے منع نہیں کرسکیتں۔


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Wijngaards Institute for Catholic Research

The Institute is known for issuing academic reports and statements on relevant issues in the Church. These have included scholars’ declarations on the need of collegiality in the exercise of church authority, on the ethics of using contraceptives in marriage and the urgency of re-instating the sacramental diaconate of women.

Visit also our websites:Women Deacons, The Body is Sacred and Mystery and Beyond.

You are welcome to use our material. However: maintaining this site costs money. We are a Charity and work mainly with volunteers, but we find it difficult to pay our overheads.


Visitors to our website since January 2014.
Pop-up names are online now.

The number is indicative, but incomplete. For full details click on cross icon at bottom right.


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Does the priestly minisrty go against women’s nature?

Does the priestly minisrty go against women’s nature?

کیا کاہنی منسٹری عورتوں کی فطرت کے مخالف ہے؟

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نجات کی اشارعیت میں، مسیح دلہن کادلہا ہے اور کلیسیاء اُس کی دلہن ہے۔ آدمیوں اور عورتوں کے پاس خُدا کے منصوبے کے مطابق مختلف مقاصد موجود ہیں۔

بین الا دستخطی 31-29

انکشاف یہ ظاہر کرتا ہے کہ کیوں مرد واضح طور پر اِسے لے جاتا ہے۔ اِس وجہ کے لیے، صرف مرد ہی مسیح کا حصہ بن سکتے ہیں، اُس کی حضوری کی نشاندہی کرسکتے ہیں، اِس لفط میں”نمائندہ کار”(یہ کہ اُس کی اثر والی حضوری کی نشاندہی کرتا ہے) لازمی اعمال میں جو اِس امر کے ہیں۔

بین الادستخطی پر تفسیر 102

  The Congregation for Doctrine in Rome

روم میں ایک جماعت کے لیے ہدایت نامہ

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یہ بہت دور جاتا ہے!

تمام مسیحی دلہن اور دلہا دونوں کی نمائندگی کرتے ہیں۔

یہاں تلحیمات بناتی ہیں اِس میں کہ یہ علامت دونوں کے لیے ہیں۔

یہ سُننے میں کبھی نہیں آیا کہ مسیح یسوع ایک انسان یا مرد کے طور پر پیدا ہوئے۔

رسم ورواج کے مطابق واضح اظہار میں صرف اِس کو فرض کر دِیا، چھڑا دِیا ہے۔ ایک مرد صرف واضح اظہار اِس کا مہفوم دیتا ہے کہ عورتیں مکمل طور پر چھڑائیں ہیں!

لیکن عورتیں دوبارہ زندہ یعنی آدمیوں کی طرح بپتسمہ لے لیتی ہیں۔

John Wijingaardsپڑھیں! مرد یا آدمی ہی دلہا کی نمائندگی نہیں کرتا! یہ لکھی گئ

Dorothy Irvinلکھی گئ Omnis Analogia Claudetاور یہ بھی

یہ لکھی گئ The Creation of Womanhood: A Hierarchical Constructionاور یہ بھی

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Wijngaards Institute for Catholic Research

The Institute is known for issuing academic reports and statements on relevant issues in the Church. These have included scholars’ declarations on the need of collegiality in the exercise of church authority, on the ethics of using contraceptives in marriage and the urgency of re-instating the sacramental diaconate of women.

Visit also our websites:Women Deacons, The Body is Sacred and Mystery and Beyond.

You are welcome to use our material. However: maintaining this site costs money. We are a Charity and work mainly with volunteers, but we find it difficult to pay our overheads.


Visitors to our website since January 2014.
Pop-up names are online now.

The number is indicative, but incomplete. For full details click on cross icon at bottom right.


Please, support our campaign
for women priests

Join our Women Priests’ Mailing List
for occasional newsletters:

Email:
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An email will be immediately sent to you
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Can women not act in the person of Christ?

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Can women not act in the person of Christ?

کیا عورتیں مسیح میں عمل کرسکتی ہیں؟

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The Congregation for Doctrine in Rome

روم میں ایک جماعت کے لیے ہدایت نامہ

Congregation for Doctrine
in Rome

 

“کاہنانہ اعمال’مسیح میں شخصی طور پر’ جب یسوع مسیح آدمی تھا، صرف کاہن ہی عشائے ربانی کے وقت مسیح کی طرح ظاہر ہوسکتا ہے۔

انٹر اِنسائنریاس 28-24

“ساکرامنٹ ایک علامت۔۔۔۔۔اور کاہن مسیح کی علامت ہے۔ اِس خاص وقت میں یہ ممکن نہیں ہے کہ عورت امتیاز کر پائے، عورت کے لیے یہ محکومی ریاست میں ہے، یہ پیروی کرتی ہے کہ وہ اِس ساکرامنٹ کو وصول نہیں کرسکتی ہیں۔۔۔۔۔۔۔”

معلوماتی خلاصہ کیو یو 39 عمل نمبر 1

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اے پیارے، اے پیارے، اے پیارے!

یہ تعصب کلیسیاء کے اباؤاجداد سے چلتا آتا ہے اور عالم دین کے درمیانی دور میں ہے۔

وہ پہلے سے باپ سے منسوب ہو اہے: مستقبل کے تمام بچے اِس کو جاری رکھیں گے، اُنہوں نے سوچا، ماں زمین کے بالائی پرت کی طرح ہے جس میں بیج بڑھتا ہے۔

اُس وقت عورتیں مکمل طور پر انسان نہیں تھیں، وہ اپنے آپ کو مسیح کی نمائندگی کرسکتی تھیں جو مکمل طور پر صحیح ہے۔

 

تاہم عورتیں پہلے سے دوسرے مسیحیوں کی طرح کردار ادا کرتی ہیں جب وہ بپتسمہ دینے اور شادی کروانے والے منسٹرز ہوتے ہیں۔

مسیح نہ طرف مردوں بلکہ عورتوں کو بھی نمائندگی کرتا ہے۔ کیونکہ عورتیں مسیح میں برابر ہیں۔

عورتیں بھی مسیح کی شہبیہ پر پیدا ہوئی ہیں۔

تاہم عورتیں پہلے سے دوسرے مسیحیوں کی طرح کردار ادا کرتی ہیں جب وہ بپتسمہ دینے اور شادی کروانے والے منسٹرز ہوتے ہیں۔

دراصل، عورتیں بہتر زنانہ مسیح شناخت کا تاثر ہوتی ہیں۔

آخر انتہا نہیں ہے، عورتیں بھی مسیح کے پیار کی نمائندگی کرتی ہیں جو کہ ایک کاہنت کا نچوڑ ہے!

کلیسیاء غلط ہے، لٰہذا کہ وہ عورتوں کو کاہنی خدمات اِس بنا پر محروم کرتے ہیں کہ وہ مسیح کی نمائندگی نہیں کرسکتیں۔

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Wijngaards Institute for Catholic Research

The Institute is known for issuing academic reports and statements on relevant issues in the Church. These have included scholars’ declarations on the need of collegiality in the exercise of church authority, on the ethics of using contraceptives in marriage and the urgency of re-instating the sacramental diaconate of women.

Visit also our websites:Women Deacons, The Body is Sacred and Mystery and Beyond.

You are welcome to use our material. However: maintaining this site costs money. We are a Charity and work mainly with volunteers, but we find it difficult to pay our overheads.


Visitors to our website since January 2014.
Pop-up names are online now.

The number is indicative, but incomplete. For full details click on cross icon at bottom right.


Please, support our campaign
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for occasional newsletters:

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Has the Church never ordained women?

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Has the Church never ordained women?

کیا کلیسیاء نے کہا” نہیں!”
۔۔اور نہیں ہی ہوگا؟

“وہ عورت کاہنت کے لیے مقرر نہیں ہوسکتی یہ بات لاخطائی طور پر عمومی اور کائناتی معتبر تعلیم سے شروع کی”۔
سکرڈوٹالائز کی مخصوصیت 4
The Congregation for Doctrine in Rome

رُوم میں ایک جماعت کے لیے ہدایت نامہ

“کلیسیاء کے پاس کوءی اختیار نہیں کہ وہ عورتوں کو کاہنانہ طور پر مخصوص کرئے اور یہ قوتِ فیصلہ اُن تمام ایماندار کلیسیاؤں سے ہی یقینی طور پر روکاہوا ہے”۔

انٹر اِنسائنریاس 5

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The universal ordinary magisterium means the teaching of all the Catholic bishops of the world.

This teaching is only infallible if it is:
1: ایک خصوصی پیشہ ورانہ تعلیمی مشق کا اِختیار
2: بشپوں کے ذریعہ سے عمل کرنا قاضیوں کی حیثیت کے ساتھ
3: سماعت کے بعد ایماندار ہونا
4: الہامی ایمان یا نتائج کو زیر غور لانا
5: وہ اِس کو حتمی فیصلہ کے طور پر فیصلے کی گھڑی میں عائد کرنا چاہتے ہیں

عورتوں کی مخصوصیت کے معاملے میں اِن میں سے تمام حالتیں مکمل ہوچکی ہیں۔

بحث ومباحثہ بند ہے؟
میں پریشان نہیں ہوں!

اِسی وجہ سے اہم عالم دین اِس خطا سے مّبرا تعلیم کے مطالبے کو رد کرتے ہیں۔

یہاں تک، کلیسیائی تعلیم مکمل ہوئی، اِس کو ایمانداری کے ساتھ وصول کرنے کی ضرورت ہے۔۔۔۔۔کوئی بھی معاملہ نہیں جب کیتھولک کی اکثریت اِس کو رد کرتی ہے!

Richard Gaillardetzپڑھیں:قبولیت کا ہدایت نامہ: نیا نقشہ کشی کا فن‘ لکھی گئی

 
 

چلیں عیتق سے سکھیں۔

رُومن تعلیم کی اطاعت کا یہ پہلا دور نہیں ہے، اِس میں شامل پاپائے، نے اہم غلطیاں کی ہیں۔

کی کم از کم 65کلیسیائی تعلیمات سرفہرست ہیں جو کہRaymond A. Luckerبشپ

بھروسے کے لائق تھیں اور اب جو تبدیل شدہ ہیں!

اِس سے صاف ظاہر ہے کہ اِس مخصوصیت کو جو عورتوں کے لیے ہے اِس کا سوال اچھائی کے لیے بند ہو چُکا ہے!   Return to opening menu?

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Wijngaards Institute for Catholic Research

The Institute is known for issuing academic reports and statements on relevant issues in the Church. These have included scholars’ declarations on the need of collegiality in the exercise of church authority, on the ethics of using contraceptives in marriage and the urgency of re-instating the sacramental diaconate of women.

Visit also our websites:Women Deacons, The Body is Sacred and Mystery and Beyond.

You are welcome to use our material. However: maintaining this site costs money. We are a Charity and work mainly with volunteers, but we find it difficult to pay our overheads.


Visitors to our website since January 2014.
Pop-up names are online now.

The number is indicative, but incomplete. For full details click on cross icon at bottom right.


اِس زمین پر کلیسیائی تعلیم کی کیا حاکمیت ہے؟
ہمارے اکثروپیشتر کئے گئے سوالات پڑھیں!
Please, support our campaign
for women priests

Join our Women Priests’ Mailing List
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