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JERUSALEM in Luke

JERUSALEM in Luke

Introduction
Gospel
Jesus Christ
Christ
Oral and written tradition
Tradition
The Gospel of Matthew
Matthew
The Gospel of Mark
Mark
The Gospel of Luke
Luke
The Gospel of John
John
The meaning for today
Interpretation

From ‘Notes on the Formation of the Gospels’, by John Wijngaards;
published in Background to the Gospels (Bangalore & Ann Arbor 1981)
and Together in My Name (London 1991).

JERUSALEM, capital of the Jewish nation, has a special theological significance in Luke's Gospel:

  • The beginning of the Messianic era is placed by Luke in Jerusalem when Zacharias receives the promise (Luke 1:5-29).
  • Luke stresses that Jesus was presented in Jerusalem (2:2-38)
  • and that he went there as a boy of twelve years ( Luke 2:41-50).
  • Luke mentions that Jesus speaks about his sacrifice at Jerusalem during his transfiguration (Luke 9:31).
  • Jesus makes a solemn decision to go up to Jerusalem (Luke 9:51)
  • and is constantly aware of this (Luke 9:53; 13:22; 17:11; 19:11).
  • During this ‘going up’ Jesus weeps over Jerusalem’s hardness (Luke 13:1-5; 19:41-44)
  • and foretells his suffering in Jerusalem (Luke 18:31-34).
  • Jesus’ entrance into Jerusalem begins the passion (Luke 19: 28-40).
  • Jesus foretells Jerusalem’s rejection (Luke 21:20-24; 23:27-31).
  • After his resurrection, Jesus sends the disciples of Emmaus back to Jerusalem (Luke 24:13-35).
  • He wants the Gospel to be preached “from Jerusalem” (Luke 24:47; 24:50-53; Acts 1,8).

John Wijngaards

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