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I Epistolam ad Corinthios, cap. XIV, vers. 34-35
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Commentaria in I Epistolam ad Corinthios, cap. XIV, vers. 34-35

R. P. Cornelii A Lapide

COMMENTARIA in SCRIPTURAM SACRAM

Tomus Decimus Octavus, complectens expositionem literalem et moralem Divi Pauli Epistolarum, Parisiis, Ludovicus Vivès, Bibliopola Editor, Via Casette 23, M DCCC LVIII, pp. 396-397.

vers. 34

Mulieres in Ecclesiis Taceant, - etiam Prophetissae, quia contra ordinem naturae est et legis, Genes. III, 16, ut in conspectu virorum feminae eis subditae loquantur. Ita Ambrosius, et ex eo Anselmus. Secundo, quia idipsum est praeter earum verecundiam et humilitatem. Ita Anselmus. Tertio, quia vir melioris est judicii, rationis, discursus et discretionis, quam femina. Quarto, jure, ait Anselmul, tacere jubetur femina, quae cum loqueretur, viro suo suasit peccatum, Genes. III. Quinto, ut frenum injiciatur ejus loquacitati. Nam: “Tot pariter pelves, tot tintinnabula dicas pulsari”, cum duae mulieres litigant: quod facile in ecclesia contingeret, si eis docere permitteretur. De hoc mulieris silentio plura dicam I Tim.II, 9. Quam ergo contra Apostolum, contra fas omne, jus et decus est, si mulier caput sit Ecclesiae alicujus?

Tropologice, mulier est passio et concupiscentia, vir est ratio; illa ergo taceat, et rationi se subdat. Vide Chrysostomum, homil. 37 in morali. “Mulier, inquit Aristoteles, lib.IX De Natura animal., cap.1, misericors magis et ad lacrymas propensior est, quam vir: invida item magis, et querula, et maledicentior, et mordacior: praeterea anxia, et desperans magis quam mas, atque impudentior et mendacior, quin etiam facilior decipi.”

vers 35.

Si Quid Volunt Discere, Domi Viros Suos Interrogent.- Hinc ait Primasius: Viri adeo docti esse deberent, ut uxores suas docere et in rebus fidei instruere possent; sed, quid si indocti sint, ut saepe fit, a quibus instruentur mulieres? Respondet Primasius: Habent concionatores, confessarios et magistros, qui eas instruant. Secundo, melius est illis quaedam non necessaria ignorare, quam cum scandalo et inverecundia in ecclesia ea rogare et discere.

Dices: Anna Prophetissa in templo loquebatur omnibus de Christo, Lucae II. Respondeo: Loquebatur omnibus, id est, singulis privatim, non in Ecclesia, id est ecclesiastico conventu, nec in templo proprie dicto: nam templum Judaeorum nec mulier nec vir, sed soli sacerdotes ingredi poterant. Loquebatur ergo Anna mulieribus singulis in atrio feminarum: nam atrium distinctum ab atrio virorum habebant feminae, teste Josepho.

Dices secundo: Moniales in ecclesiis suis canunt. Respondeo: Ibi non est Ecclesia, id est fidelis populi conventus, sed est chorus Monialium tantum.

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