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Ricardus de Media Villa

Super Quarto Sententiarum Dist. 25, a. 4, n. 1; ed. Bocatelli, Venice, 1499 (Pellechet-Polain, 10132/9920), f 177-R.

Articulus Quartus

This text has been transcribed by John Wijngaards. The original text has many abbreviations which are often indicated by small accents and marks over individual letters. To facilitate the reading, I have indicated the omitted consonants and vowels between brackets.

Read here the English translation.

.Latin manuscript Richard of Middleton

Consequenter queritur de 4° p[ri]ncipali. Et circa hoc q[uae]runt[ur] tria. Pri[m]o utru[m] sexus muliebris i[m]pediat ordinis susceptionem. 2° utru[m] infantilis etas: Tertio utru[m] defectus natalium.

PRIMO oste[n]do q[uo]d sexus muliebris no[n] i[m]pedit ordinis susceptione[m]. Christus est q[ui] p[ri]ncipal[ite]r ordinat: sed sicut d[icitu]r ad Gal. In Chr[ist]o Jesu no[n] est masculus nec femina. ergo ita potest ordinari femina: sicut masculus.

Item decre.di.32. Presbyter r.c.Mulieres: fit mentio de p[re]sbytera r.27.q.p. d[icitu]r diaconissam no[n] debere an[te] anos.40. ordinari. ergo mulieres suscipere p[ossu]nt ordines diaconat[i] ac presbyterij. Ite[m] mulieres p[ossu]nt h[abe]re actu[m] propheta[n]di. Vides (?) Luce.2. Erat Anna p[ro]phetissa. ergo a simili possunt ordinari.

E Contra decreto.di 23. Sacratas. Sacratas deo feminas vel monachas sacra vasa: vel sacras pallas penes vos co[n]tingere: ac incensum circa altaria deferre perlatu[m] est aplicam(?) sedem: q[uae] o[mn]ia reprehensio[n]e ac uituperatio[n]e plena esse nulli recte sapientiu[m] dubiu[m] est. Sed illud q[uo]d i[m]pedit contactu[m] sacro[rum] i[m]pedit ordinis susceptione[m]. ergo sexus muliebus i[m]pedit ordinis susceptione[m].

Ite[m] clerici debe[n]t tonsurari: ut superius habitu[m] est: sed ut dicit. Ap[osto]l[u]s p[rimae] Cor. II. Turpe est mulieri tonderi. & parum post. Si coma[m] nutriat gloria est illi. c[oncludit]u[r q[uo]d non debea[n]t ordinari nisi clerici: mulier no[n] d[ebea]t ordinari.

R[espo]ndeo qu[o]d sex[us] muliebris i[m]pedit susceptionem ordinis de iure: q[uia] no[n] d[ebe]t ordinari: ac etia[m] de facto qu[ia] si circa muliere[m] fierent exteri[ora] o[mn]ia q[uae] fiunt circa illos q[ui] ordinant[ur]: ordine[m] no[n] susciperet: cui r[ati]o est. Sacra uim h[abe]nt ex sua institutione. Chr[istu]s aut[em] hoc sacr[um] instituit conferri masculis t[antu]m: no[n] mulieribus. Cuius institutio[n]is duplex fuit r[ati]o co[n]grua. Una q[uia] ordini co[m]petit officiu[m] doctrin[a]e instructionis (?) o[mn]is ordo ordinatur ad presbyteratum: cui hoc officiu[m] p[er]venit. 16.q. pma. Adijcimus qu[od] et[iam] co[n]venit ordini diaconatus dr decre.di.25. Perlectis.r.92. di. In facta. Q[uo]d sic d[ebe]t intelligi: ut sacerdotis sit p[ri]ncipal[iter] officium: diaconi ex delegatione: uel s[ecundu]m glo[ssam] Ibidem. p[re]dicatione[m] vocat lectione[m] euangelica[m]. Docere aut[em] publice mulieri non p[er]uenit p[ro]pter debilitate[m] intellect[us] ac mutabilitate[m] affectus: quos defectus de co[mmun]i lege notabili[ter] patiu[n]tur qu[am] viri: decet [e]n[im] doctore[m] h[abe]re viuace[m] intellectu[m] in veritatis cognitio[n]e ac stabile[m] affectu[m] in p[er]sistendo in ei[usdem] p[ro]fessio[n]e[m]. Alia r[ati]o e[st] q[uod]: ordo ordinatum co[n]stituit in aliquo gradu emine[n]ti[a]e: q[uo]d aliquo mo[do] significari d[ebe]t ex eminenti na[tura] illius q[ui] ordinat[ur]: mulier v[er]o in respectu viri statum subiectio[n]is h[abe]t q[uo]d et[iam] natur[ae] co[n]sonu[m] est: q[uia] muliebris sexus na[tura]liter i[m]perfectus est in respectu sexus virilis. Has duas ratio[n]es extrahere possumus ex dictis Ap[osto]li p[ri]m[a]e Thimo.2. d[ice]ntis. Mulier in sile[n]tio discat cu[m] o[mn]i subiectio[n]e. Doce[re] aut[em] mulieri no[n] permitto: neq[ue] d[omi]nari in viru[m].

Ad p[ri]mu[m] in oppositu[m]. cu[m] d[icitu]r q[uo]d in Chr[ist]o no[n] est masculus neq[ue] femina: dico q[uo]d est p[er] co[m]paratione[m] ad Chr[istu]m: quia no[n] sit distinctio (?) i[n]ter masculu[m] & feminam q[uo] ad meritu[m]: est t[a]n[tum] quo ad officiu[m].

Ad 2[u]m d[icen]d[u]m q[uo]d ibi vocant[ur] p[re]sbyter[a]e viduae seniores: non mulieres ordinat[a]e: imo de illis q[ui] ibi vocantur p[re]sbyter[a]e dicit ide[m] canon. q[uo]d illas tam[quam] ordinatas in ecclesia co[n]stitui no[n] d[e]bere decernimus: per diaconissam aut[em] i[n]telligit[ur abbatissa, vide glo[ssam]. ibide[m]. Melius est t[ame]n ut dicam q[uo]d diaconissae dicebant[ur] q[ui]bus fiebat aliqua b[e]n[e]dictio ad legendum ome[lium] in matutino. ut dicit alia glo[ssa] ibide[m].

Ad 3[iu]m d[icen]d[u]m q[uo]d no[n] est simile. Q[uia] p[er] p[ro]phetia[m] no[n] dat[ur] mulieri p[otes]tas aliqua sup[er] viru[m]. ordinatus aut[em] est in aliquo gradu eminenti[a]e sup[er] no[n] ordinatos viros. Unde qua[m]uis no[n] repugnet mulieri esse abbatissam super mulieres ad coercendum eas p[ro]pter periculum cohabitationis viroru[m]: tamen absonu[m] esset ut esset abbatissa virorum.

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