died in 1876
Guida was parish priest of Santa Catarina in Foro Magno at Naples. He wrote a whole booklet devoted to Marys priesthood: Il sacerdozio di Maria, Naples 1873.
Text quoted in French by Réné Laurentin (in Maria, Ecclesia, Sacerdotium, Nouvelles Éditions Latines, Paris 1952, pp. 417-420) and translated into English by John Wijngaards.
- There are people who reject Marys priesthood
- Mary possesses an inherent priestly character
- Marys priestly character is imprinted on her by her being Mother of God
- Mary was ordained a priest in the same way Jesus was ordained a priest
I regret to know certain preachers who are so
little persuaded of the association of Mary to the priesthood of Jesus Christ
or her quality of being a true priestess, that they are not afraid even to
affirm that priests are superior to Mary . . .
There are others who only dare call Mary a mystical priestess, and only recognise in her a mystical priesthood,
and again others who agree to Mary being a priestess in function, but not in character.
I feel these opinions need to be corrected. Il sacerdozio di Maria, p. 5.
Mary is priestess by character. In other priests, the character is added on; in Mary, on the other hand, the character is inherent, intrinsic. In other priests it exists on its own; in Mary, on the other hand, it is joint, that is to say: it is there in a better way . . . Il sacerdozio di Maria, p. 31.
In Mary divine motherhood takes the place of this character, which, through the mediation of sacred ordination, is imprinted on all those who are promoted to the priestly dignity. Mary is all that she is, uniquely through her divine motherhood . . . She would not exist if she were not Mother of God. Her divine motherhood is not an event or a quality; it is her constitution and her very being; she is Mother of God as a human being is human, as an angel is angelic. From that we may conclude that all that follows on her motherhood is indelible in Mary, such as her motherhood is indelible which forms its essence and its nature. Il sacerdozio di Maria, p. 30.
The reason of the superiority of Marys priesthood consists in the hypostatic union [=the union of the divine and human in Christ] to which Mary belongs through her divine motherhood. In fact, just as Jesus Christ is a priest not by a character that was externally added to him, but in virtue of the hypostatic union through which his human nature was assumed, so the Virgin who belongs to the hypostatic order, shares in the priesthood in the manner in which the priesthood is found in Jesus Christ, not like that which is communicated to other priests. Il sacerdozio di Maria, p. 31.
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