died 826 AD
Theodore reformed a monastery near Constantinople called Studion [hence the name Studitis]. He became its abbot. His contributed greatly to the compilation of monastic rules and regulations. His sermon on the Nativity was, for a long time, wrongly attributed to St. John of Damascus.
The texts of relevance to us have been published in the Patrologiae Cursus. Series Graeca (PG), Migne, Paris 1857-1866, vol. 96. Translation by John Wijngaards.
- Mary is a sacrificial priest
- Mary is [a priest] offering the New Testament sacrifice to God
- Mary is [a priest] swinging the thurible with incense
- Mary passed on her priestly dignity to Christ
- Mary mediates for us
|Hail daughter, young sacrificial priest,
whose purity is aimiable and whose vestments are incredibly beautiful, in the eyes of him who says in the Canticles: How beautiful are your feet in your sandals,
o daughter of Amminadab. (Cant 7,1) 2nd Homily on the Nativity. PG 96, col. 693A
thuêpolos means sacrificial priest.
Amminadab was Aarons father-in-law. All Old Testament priests were descendants of Aaron. In Canticles the phrase was: daughter of the prince. Theodore purposefully lies the connection with Mary's priestly descent.
Hail, o [lid of] world-wide propitiation for mortals by whom from the east to the west the name of God is glorified among all nations and who in every place offers a sacrifice of incense to his name as the holy Malachy (Mal 1,11) says. Sermon on the Dormition. PG 99, col. 725C.
|In a section addressed to priests, Malachy 1,11 announced that in every place among the gentiles an offering of incense and a pure sacrifice would be offered in His name. This text was understood by the Fathers as foretelling the sacrifice of the Eucharist.|
Hail, prayerful incense, dispersed through the whole world in front of the Lord, filled with the good odour of the Holy Spirit and about whom one cries everywhere: Who is this woman emerging from the desert as a column of smoke exhalating incense! (Cant 3,6) 2nd Homily on the Nativity. PG 96, col. 693B
|In the early Church the use of incense was one of the distinguishing marks of the divine liturgy of the Eucharist. Incensing was done by the priests and deacons.|
Hail ark [=of the covenant] from which God, showing
himself face to face, has spoken to human beings and through which eternal
propitiation spread throughout the world.
|The lid of propitiation and the use of incense refer to the annual rite of atonement performed by the High Priest in the Holy of Holies in Jerusalem.|
|Hail Blessed Virgin . . . . ointment with which the royal
priesthood has been anointed ,
. . . . royal seal, imprinting on the universal King who takes his substance from her, a body similar to that of his Mother,
. . . . incorruptible wood from which the spiritual altar who is Christ, was made,
. . . . royal purple with which was woven the robe of the King and the linen of his priestly vestments,
. . . . through her was made the priestly breastplate of the High Priest, a breastplate woven of purple and gold,
. . . . the purple flower from which are made the corporal vestments of the divine liturgy. 2nd Homily on the Nativity. PG 96, col. 693C-D.
| The breast
plate [Hebrew=ephod] was a distinctive ornament of the High Priest
(Exodus 28, 15-30). It was covered with 12 precious gems and contained in a
pouch the stones (Urim and Thummim) of the sacred oracle.
According to Greek legend, the purple flower [Greek=huakinthos] had been coloured by the blood of the demi-god Aiax. The Bible prescribed that all priestly vestments needed to have it as an ingredient (Exodus 28, 5.6.8, 15.33).
Absent in body, she is with us in spirit . . . .
mediating for us with the Lord. Sermon on the Dormition. PG 99,
|Mediation is a priestly function.|
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